Event Flow:
Timeline of Events

1980: 
DuPont begins manufacturing Vinyl Ether at Fayetteville Works plant; GenX is released as byproduct – until 2017

1999: 
Discovery from lawsuits proved DuPont was aware of health risks from PFOA/C8 and in their own testing, found it caused testicular, pancreatic and liver cancer in lab animals.

2001: 
DuPont submits renewal application for 1996 NPDES permit disclosing intent to begin manufacture of C8 at Fayetteville Works for manufacturing of Teflon related products. It is likely manufacturing began in 2002. 

2001:
Class-action lawsuit against DuPont filed in West Virginia due to C8 contamination.

2004: 
DuPont settles water contamination suit after C8 at West Virginia plant contaminated Ohio and WV drinking water. DuPont agreed to pay $85 million directly to the residents, mostly in cash, as well as $22.6 million in attorneys' fees.  DuPont will fund a medical monitoring program for up to $235 million to test local residents. The company is also providing six water districts in the two states with water-treatment systems to reduce the level of C-8 contamination.

2005:
$10.25 million civil penalties against DuPont for “multiple failures to report information to EPA about substantial risk of injury to human health or the environment that DuPont obtained about PFO from as early as 1981 and as recently as 2004.”

2009: 
EPA orders DuPont to substitute C8 with GenX at Fayetteville plant.

2010:
DuPont began communicating with NC DEQ about phasing out PFOA (C8) by 2015 - and replacing it with GenX.  Due to laws protecting privacy for corporations, the actual date of replacement of C8 with GenX is unknown. Internal docs have been published by DEQ that shed some light on this and the CFPUA notice of intent to file civil suit provides some insight.

2012: 
GenX reported in river by scientists, including 2 from EPA.

2013-14: 
GenX in river at more than 9 times EPA lifetime advisory limit for similar chemical (C8). No advisory limit exists for the unregulated GenX. Chemours claims it installed technology to reduce discharge of GenX.

2014: 
It is assumed DuPont stops making C8 at Fayetteville works - this is not verified due to company's ability to withhold information under privacy protections.

2015: 
DuPont spins off “Performance Chemicals” business and forms Chemours Co.

2016: 
NC State Study published, confirming GenX and 6 other unknown fluorochemicals in Cape Fear River. Sun et. al paper,

Feb., 2017: 
$670.7 million settlement: DuPont and Chemours will pay plaintiffs to settle 3,550 lawsuits related to the release of PFOA in Ohio and WV. Medical testing required under previous lawsuit is what brought about the additional 3500 lawsuits filed by residents in Ohio and WV. The companies also agreed to pay up to an additional $50 million a year for the next five years for any additional claims that might arise.

June 12, 2017:  
NC Dpt. Health and Human Services releases statement claiming they believe GenX "poses a low risk."

June 15, 2017: 
Closed door meeting with NC officials and Chemours; Wilmington Mayor demands Chemours stop all discharge of GenX in river immediately.

June 19, 2017: 
DEQ announces staff will sample at 13 locations for three weeks; Chemours agreed to bear all costs.

June 20, 2017: 
Chemours announces it will stop GenX discharge; EPA announces investigation into Chemours for "...compliance with 2009 order issued under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) for the production of GenX, and toxicity data submitted by the company, as required under the consent order, and updating the risk assessment using the additional toxicity data specific to GenX.”

June 21, 2017:
Clean Cape Fear and Cape Fear River Watch host the first Water Wednesday, a GenX forum which drew more than 300 attendees. 

June 27, 2017: 
DEQ officials’ onsite inspection finds Chemours capturing wastewater into storage tanks for shipment and burning in Arkansas

July 5, 2017:
Cape Fear Public Utility Authority's Executive Director, Jim Flechtner announces at a Clean Cape Fear Water Wednesday event that CFPUA will send mailers to all customers.

July 6, 2017:
CFPUA board chair confirms bilingual mailers will be sent to all CFPUA customers "in the coming weeks."

July 7, 2017:
CFPUA attorneys send letter to NCDEQ

July 10, 2017: 
Clean Cape Fear met with Downtown Business Alliance to discuss "Clean Water Promise" initiative

July 12, 2017:
CFPUA Board Meeting: Clean Cape Fear, specifically Harper Peterson and Kemp Burdette were thanked for their role in communicating the issue with the public and inviting CFPUA to forums etc. CCF's Harper Peterson spoke during public comment. Find minutes at: http://cfpua.iqm2.com/Citizens/Default.aspx

July 13, 2017

DEQ site visit finds Chemours STILL discharging GenX. Chemours claims it is stopping processing of those operations. 

https://deq.nc.gov/additional-genx-discharge-chemours-facility-identified-and-stopped

July 14, 2017:
AFTER CLEAN CAPE FEAR SUBMITTED QUESTIONS TO DHHS asking them how they got their safe level number, DHHS announces STEEP drop to safe levels from 70,909 parts per trillion (ppt) to 140 ppt, based on "newly discovered" data;  DEQ and DHHS joint press release HERE;  DHHS Q and A on updated Risk Assessment HERE       

JULY 14, 2017
TEST RESULTS: Early results from all 13 test sites can be found on the N.C. Department of Environmental Quality’s GenX website - HERE; A document showing the results in a spreadsheet is HERE 

July 24, 2017
Governor Cooper's visit to Wilmington: https://www.coastalreview.org/2017/07/cooper-rolls-state-response-genx/ 

July 21, 2017
Gov. Cooper calls Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Director Dr. Brenda Fitzgerald to request they perform a public health assessment of the long-term health effects of GenX.

July 26, 2017
Clean Cape Fear hosts Just the Facts Please: An Evening With Scientists. during which it is announced that a grant request is being submitted to conduct human health studies on residents. 

July 27, 2017
DEQ releases new data from water sampled along the Cape Fear River July 12 and 13.

July 28, 2017
U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Eastern District of North Carolina issues a subpoena to DEQ for six years of records and documents related to GenX and other fluorinated chemicals produced at the Chemours' Fayetteville Works facility to include permits, reports, emails, research and notes; deadline for delivery to Wilmington grand - Aug. 22, 2017

Cooper expands the charter of the state's Science Advisory Board for appointment by secretaries of DEQ and DHHS of 11 members to help environmental and health officials determine "factors for establishing acceptable levels for contaminants," among other things. 

Aug. 2, 2017
Test results released from sampling locations along the Cape Fear River from July 17 to 20

Aug. 3, 2017
CFPUA sends intent to sue letter to Chemours. 

Aug. 8, 2017
Leaders with DEQ and DHHS request $2.6 million in additional funding from the legislature. More info on the request and which legislators have opposed it and/or supported it can be found HERE.

Aug. 9, 2017
Test results from sampling locations along the Cape Fear River from July 24 to 27..

Aug. 10, 2017
A group of Republican state senators send a series of questions to Cooper in response to his request for more DEQ/DHHS funding. 

Aug. 14, 2017
DEQ and DHHS respond to the above series of questions. 

Aug. 15-19, 2017
Erin Brokovich and 'water guy' Robert Bowcock visit Wilmington. They attend a forum (no other panelists accepted), a closed-door meeting with elected and civic leaders, and were slated to attend a water rally, which they did not end up speaking at, based on Brokovich's comment to organizer (Beth Markesino of Wilmington's Stop GenX in Our Water Facebook page) that she had a family emergency. 

Aug. 23, 2017
Port City Daily story indicates Sen. Lee will not support funding to CFPUA, INSTEAD of DEQ/DHHS. Letter from well-funded lobby may have instigated this idea. 

Aug. 31, 2017
DEQ released report from EPA showing TWO NEW likely toxic compounds have likely been being discharged from the Fayetteville Works plant by Chemours/DuPont since 1980

Aug. 31, 2017
NC passes HB56, allocating funding to CFPUA and UNCW for GenX related testing.

Aug. 31, 2017
EPA releases report indicating two more unregulated compounds - they are calling Nafion Byproduct 1 and Nafion Byproduct 2 - are at high levels in Cape Fear River

NC DEQ released a statement August 31 saying it “is looking at all legal options including going to court to get the company to stop the discharge

Aug. 31
Chemours Senior VP sellls 13,337 shares of Chemours stock for $646,577.76

Sept. 5
DEQ sends notice of intent to suspend Chemours’ discharge permit

Sept. 5
NCDOJ, on behalf of DEQ, sends  summons and letter with summons to Chemours

Sept. 5
Chemours insider (President of Titanium Technologies) sells $641,550.00 worth of Chemours stock; he sold stock worth $462,000 in August - two trades totally $1.1 million

Sept. 6
DEQ announces it will issue a notice of violation to Chemours for groundwater contamination near the plant.

Sept. 8
Partial Consent Order issued in Bladen County Court between DEQ and Chemours - full order found HERE

Sept. 8
Chemours attorneys send letter to DEQ attacking the agency and accusing it of breaking law

Sept. 12
Bladen County Commissioner Peterson threatens to sue the state of NC for its actions against Chemours

Sept. 13
Fayetteville Observer reports C8 is found in wells near the Fayetteville Works plant

Sept. 14
DEQ announces it will test wells near Fayetteville works; Chemours will also test wells near the facility, Star News reports

Sept. 15
Clean Cape Fear and school boards announce pilot to provide clean drinking water to low-income students in New Hanover and Brunswick Counties

Sept. 15
Test shows that GenX is traveling by air, NC Policy Watch reports

Sept. 27
DEQ orders Chemours to supply water to 8 more personal drinking wells (making total 19 to date) through Chemours' test samples and DEQ samples - analyzed by separate labs showing GenX at higher than DHHS 'safe' level - https://deq.nc.gov/state-directs-chemours-provide-bottled-water-eight-more-well-owners-after-latest-preliminary-tests

Sept. 28
The N.C. House of Representatives’ Special Select Committee on North Carolina River Quality meets with DEQ and DHHS. ALL presentations available at: this site

Oct. 3, 2017
New Hanover County resident Brent Nix files Class Action lawsuit on behalf of all other similarly situated

Oct 4, 2017
Seven more homes' wells tested above 140 ppt of GenX - Chemours must supply them bottled water - total is up to 26 households

Oct. 4, 2017
Lawmakers Override Gov. Cooper Veto of HB56 - funding CFPUA and UNCW - ignoring request to fund DEQ and DHHS

Oct. 5, 2017
DEQ orders expansion of private wells to be tested near Chemours facility

Oct 9, 2017
Contaminants possibly leaching out of filtration systems - Dr. Knappe researching

Oct. 11, 2017
CFPUA board meeting in which Councilman and board appointee O'Grady filed motion to support funding DEQ and DHHS - motion was denied.

Oct. 16, 2017
CFPUA sends letter of intent to file for violations of Clean Water Act (60 days notice given August 3, 2017)

Oct. 19, 2017
Two Cumberland County schools tested for GenX

Oct. 19. 2017
Clean Cape Fear member Emily Donovan attends Science Cafe

Oct. 20, 2017
CFPUA releases first results of plant-wide filtration testing.

Oct. 20, 2017
Brunswick county resident Roger Morton files Class Action lawsuit on behalf of all others similarly situated

Oct. 23, 2017
Leland resident Victoria Carey files Class Action lawsuit on behalf of all others similarly situated after testing her water heater and finding high levels of GenX 

Oct. 23, 2017
Members of Clean Cape Fear attend the State's first Science Advisory Panel meeting in Raleigh

Oct. 26, 2017
House Select Committee on River Water Quality meeting in Raleigh. Presentations HERE

Oct. 30, 2017
CFPUA sends public information request to DEQ

Oct. 31, 2017
Brunswick County announces it has filed lawsuit against Chemours.

Nov. 1, 2017
GenX Exposure Study begins

Nov. 3, 2017
DEQ instructs Chemours to provide bottled water to 15 more residents near the plant - total is now 50

Nov. 7, 2017
DEQ releases results of lakes and baseball field water - showing high levels of GenX - indicating it traveled by air.

Nov. 7, 2017
WWAY reports that Brunswick County refused 200,000 funding to supply clean water to some public schools, funds were secured by Clean Cape Fear member Emily Donovan

Nov. 9, 2017
Star News reports on Chemical Spill that occurred at the Chemours site October 6.

 

The Reservoir:
An Archive of Media Coverage

Toxic TapWater FAQs:
Updates published daily by StarNews Online: Click HERE

Governor Cooper's visit to Wilmington, July 24, 2017 https://www.coastalreview.org/2017/07/cooper-rolls-state-response-genx/

CFPUA Public Information:
Twice Daily updates by CFPUA Board Chairman Mike Brown: Click HERE

2015 - 2017:
The Teflon Toxin:  The Intercept’s Investigative Reporter Sharon Lerner has published a now 12-part in-depth series delving into the details of DuPont’s decades-long C8/GenX contamination of drinking water across the globe. The first part in the series was published August 11, 2015; Part 12 is specific to the Cape Fear River contamination and touches on current GenX contamination in Ohio.  Read the whole series HERE

June 7, 2017:
StarNews Online's Breaking Story: Vaughn Hagerty, StarNews Correspondent broke the GenX story with his piece: Toxin taints CFPUA drinking water.  The story references the Sun et. al paper, which was published in November, 2016, and includes information about DuPont EPA fine and class-action settlement for contamination in West Virginia of C8, a substance similar to GenX.  Read the full story HERE

June 15, 2017:
StarNews Online Adam Wagner was the only reported allowed in the closed-door meeting between Chemours and local officials. HERE are his notes. 

June 20, 2017:
Chemours announces it will cease discharge of GenX beginning June 21, and says it still believes it's not dangerous (things that make you go hmmmm). Read the statement HERE.

June 20, 2017:
"Tap Watergate": Comprehensive story by Encore News' John Wolfe including coverage of closed-door meeting with Chemours, comments from elected officials, scientists and the public. Read the full story HERE. 

June 22, 2017:
NC Policy Watch reported Lisa Sorg covered the first GenX forum, hosted by Clean Cape Fear and Cape Fear River Watch, including quotes from several panelists, and links to numerous tidbits of information like the permit, the last DuPont settlement, the definition of 'endocrine disruptors' - to name a few. Read the full story HERE

June 26, 2017:
CBS - National Coverage on CBS This Morning. Watch it HERE.

July 6, 2017:
Bloomberg published national story titled: "On U.S. Rivers, Teflon’s Old Cancer Ties Are Stoking New Fears" including commentary that Chemours stock may take a tumble if lawsuits are filed. Read the story HERE.

July 6, 2017: 
Ring of Fire Network interviews "America's Lawyer" about history of lawsuits surrounding DuPont's C8 contamination as it relates to the current GenX contamination. Watch it HERE.

July 14, 2017:
AFTER CLEAN CAPE FEAR SUBMITTED QUESTIONS TO DHHS asking them how they got their safe level number,DHHS announces STEEP drop to safe levels from 70,909 parts per trillion (ppt) to 140 ppt, based on "newly discovered" data; DEQ and DHHS joint press release (parts of which were picked up by most local and some national news outlets) at: https://www.ncdhhs.gov/news/press-releases/joint-deq-dhhs-release-state-releases-first-water-quality-data-updated-health.  DHHS Q and A on updated Risk Assessment HERE 

TEST RESULTS: Early results from all 13 test sites can be found on the N.C. Department of Environmental Quality’s GenX website - HERE; A document showing the results in a spreadsheet is HERE 

July 13, 2017:

Chemours STILL discharging GenX; claims it will cease operations (again): 

July 14, 2017:
NC Policy Watch summary story after first round of tests released: HERE

July 23, 2017
Local news outlet Port City Daily delves into how scientific research gets accomplished. 

July 24, 2017
Governor will deny Chemours permit, WWAY report here

July 24, 2017
Cooper enlists State Bureau of Investigation to probe Chemours, WRAL story here

July 31, 2017
Coastal Review Online's article on Clean Cape Fear's Water Wednesday event - Just the Facts: An Evening with Scientists

Aug. 4, 2017
Fayetteville Observer publishes article outlining legal actions including DEQ subpoena and CFPUA intent to sue Chemours. 

Aug. 8, 2017
DEQ publishes press release indicating they and DHHS are requesting emergency funding. See which legislators approve/deny it HERE

Aug. 10, 2017
A group of Republican state senators send a series of questions to Cooper in response to his request for more DEQ/DHHS funding. 

Aug. 15, 2017
Can't We All Get Along - WHQR story about why local scientists and leaders did not attend evening with Erin Brokovich

Aug. 15 2017
DEQ publishes press release responding to Republican Senators' Letter questioning the State's request for funding for DEQ and DHHS

Aug. 16, 2017
State Environmental Review Commission (which has not met since April 2016) sets meeting for August 23, open to the public. 

Aug. 23, 2017
Port City Daily story indicates Sen. Lee will not support funding to CFPUA, INSTEAD of DEQ/DHHS. Letter from well-funded lobby may have instigated this idea. 

Aug. 24, 2017
Star-News story about Aug. 23 Environmental Review Commission meeting
WNCN story about Aug. 23 Environmental Review Commission meeting

Sept. 1 2017
Coastal Review Online covers the two big stories from Aug. 31 in this article

Aug. 31, 2017
EPA releases report indicating two more unregulated compounds - they are calling Nafion Byproduct 1 and Nafion Byproduct 2 - are at high levels in Cape Fear River

NC DEQ released a statement August 31 saying it “is looking at all legal options including going to court to get the company to stop the discharge

Sept. 5
DEQ sends notice of intent to suspend Chemours’ discharge permit

NCDOJ, on behalf of DEQ, sends  summons and letter with summons to Chemours

Sept. 6
DEQ announces it will issue a notice of violation to Chemours for groundwater contamination near the plant.

Sept 8
Bladen County considers suing state
Partial Consent Order issued in Bladen County Court between DEQ and Chemours

Sept. 11
WHQR reports on deal (Partial Consent Order) struck between Chemours and the state

Sept. 12
WECT reports Bladen County Commissioner threatens to sue the state of NC

Sept. 13
Fayetteville Observer reports C8 is found in wells near the Fayetteville Works plant

Sept. 14
DEQ announces it will test wells near Fayetteville works; Chemours will also test wells near the facility, Star News reports

Sept. 15
GenX traveling by air, NC Policy Watch reports

Sept. 15
Clean Cape Fear and school boards announce pilot to provide clean drinking water to low-income students in New Hanover and Brunswick Counties, Star News reports.

Sept. 15
Chemours attacks DEQ - Port City Daily reports

Sept. 24
Star News Editorial: Toxic Politics Wins Out in GenX Response

Sept. 25
News and Observer Editorial: Shrunken DEQ budget could hurt GenX claim

Sept. 27
DEQ orders Chemours to supply water to 8 more personal drinking wells (making total 19 to date) through Chemours' test samples and DEQ samples - analyzed by separate labs showing GenX at higher than DHHS 'safe' level - https://deq.nc.gov/state-directs-chemours-provide-bottled-water-eight-more-well-owners-after-latest-preliminary-tests

Sept. 28 - House Select Committee Meeting - ALL presentations available at: this site

Oct. 3, 2017
Class Action Lawsuit filed by citizen, WECT report

Oct 3, 2017
NC Health News questions What Might Have Been Avoided had DuPont taken advantage of funds to go green

Oct. 3, 2017
Port City Daily questions PR firm politicizing CFPUA press release

Oct 4, 2017
Seven more homes' wells tested above 140 ppt of GenX - Chemours must supply them bottled water - total is up to 26 households

Oct. 4, 2017
Lawmakers Override Gov. Cooper Veto of HB56, WRAL report

Oct. 5, 2017
Fayetteville Observer Editorial- Put Health, Safety Ahead of Politics

Oct. 5, 2017
Fayetteville Observer reports that DEQ orders expansion of private wells to be tested near Chemours facility

Oct. 5, 2017
Star-News tongue-in-cheek editorial - Brave Republicans Save us From A Real Solution on GenX

Oct 6, 2017
Bladen Journal editorial - Chemours is getting off light

Oct 9, 2017
Contaminants possibly leaching out of filtration system- Star-News reports that Dr. Knappe is researching this

Oct. 10, 2017
Class Action Lawsuit filed - reported by Triangle Business Journal

Oct. 11, 2017
Star-News reports about the CFPUA board meeting in which Councilman and board appointee O'Grady filed motion to support funding DEQ and DHHS - motion was denied. 

Oct. 19, 2017
Two Cumberland County schools tested for GenX, ABC11 - Raleigh reports.

Oct. 20, 2017
CFPUA releases first results of plant-wide filtration testing.

Oct. 21, 2017
New York Times reports on historical and current reasons behind the toxic water issues in the U.S. 

Oct. 23, 2017
Fourth lawsuit filed, Star News report

Oct. 24, 2017
DEQ press release indicating they will not suspend Chemours permit at this time

Oct. 26, 2017
Report from WRAL on House Select Committee Meeting on NC River Water Quality

Oct. 26, 2017
Report from NC Policy Watch on House Select Committee Meeting on NC River Water Quality

Oct. 26, 2017
H2Go published graph of chemical levels by carbon count

Oct. 26, 2017
WECT published story with tips from H2Go on flushing hot water heater, in light of lawsuit filed in Brunswick County due to high levels of GenX in home water heater.

Oct. 30, 2017
EPA report indicates PFAS still being discharged at and around plant. DEQ orders Chemours to contain all discharge, WECT report

Oct. 30, 2017
CFPUA sends public information request to DEQ

Oct. 31, 2017
Brunswick County announces it has filed lawsuit against Chemours.

Oct. 31, 2017
Chemours announces it will build $150 million R&D facility at Wilmington DE campus, Newark Post reports

Nov. 1, 2017
GenX Exposure Study begins, NC state announces

Nov. 3, 2017
Star News publishes story about possible new chemical found in river. 

Nov. 3, 2017
DEQ publishes press release indicating they've directed Chemours to provide bottled water to 15 more homes near the plant, bringing the total to 50

Nov. 5, 2017
Op-Ed by Moore Charitable Foundation and Blockade Beach Resort Owner, Fayetteville Observer

Nov. 7, 2017
DEQ releases results of lakes and baseball field water - showing high levels of GenX - indicating it traveled by air.

Nov. 7, 2017
WWAY reports on Clean Cape Fear member Emily Donovan's work to get clean water to Brunswick County public schools and upset the county refused funding offered.

Nov. 9, 2017
Star News reports on Chemical Spill that occurred at the Chemours site October 6.